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History of our
The truth of how the Pug came into existence is shrouded in
mystery, but he has been true to his breed down through the
ages since before 400 B.C. Authorities agree that he is of
Oriental origin with some basic similarities to the
Pekingese. China is the earliest known source for the breed,
where he was the pet of the Buddhist monasteries in Tibet.
The breed next appeared in Japan and then in Europe, where
it became the favorite for various royal courts.
The Pug became the official dog of the House of Orange after
one of the breed saved the life of William, Prince of
Orange, by giving alarm at the approach of the Spaniards at
Hermingny in 1572. Later when William II landed at Torbay to
be crowned King of England, his cortege included Pugs and
they became the fashionable breed for generations.
By 1790 the Pug's popularity has spread to France where
Josephine, wife of Napoleon, depended on her Pug "Fortune"
to carry secret messaged under his collar to her husband
while she was imprisoned at Les Carmes.
In 1860 British soldiers sacked the Imperial Palace in
Peking and dogs of the Pug and Pekingese type were brought
back to England. This was the first time since the early
16th century that dogs in any great number had been brought
out of China. Black Pugs were imported from China and
exhibited for the first time in England in 1886. One year
earlier, in 1885, the Pug had been accepted for registration
with the American Kennel Club.
The Pug is well described by the phrase "multum in parvo"
which means "a lot of dog in a small space." He is small but
requires no coddling and his roguish face soon wiggles its
way into the hearts of men, women and especially children,
for whom this dog seems to have a special affinity. His
great reason for living is to be near his people and to
please them. He is comfortable in a small apartment or
country home alike, easily adaptable to all situations.
History of the FRENCH BULLDOG
While theories abound about the exact origin of the French Bulldog, the most prevalent opinion is that around the mid-1800s Normandy
lace workers from England took smaller bulldogs with them when they sought work in France. In the farming communities
north of France that the lace workers settled in, the little bulldogs became very popular as ratters and loyal family
companions and their population began to swell. These little bulldogs were in fact "culls" of the established bulldog
breeders in England, who were generally more than happy to sell these undersized examples of their breed to fanciers of
the "new" breed in England. This was especially true of the "tulip" eared puppies that cropped up at times in bulldog
litters. French bulldogs were originally bred as ratters, but are now bred as lap dogs and companions.
As the new, smaller bulldogs gained popularity in France, they became favorites of the Parisian "Belles De Nuit" - the street walkers.
One reason for this is that when strolled, the exotic looking dogs brought attention to their owner, and gave potential customers a legitimate reason to chat with her.
Another is that the docile breed was content to nap for short stretches when brought to hotel rooms, without making a fuss.
Breed historians can still sometimes turn up notorious "French Postcards" bearing images of scantily clad French prostitutes posing with their little
"Bouledogues Franšais".The aura of notoriety that ownership of the little dogs conveyed made them a fashionable way for the well-to-do classes to show off how daring
they could be, and they soon became favorites of the "artistic" set across Europe.
Photos dating to around this time show photos of the Russian royal family posing alongside their French bulldogs, and they imported several of the little dogs from France.
Other famous fanciers included Toulouse-Lautrec, the author Colette
and King Edward VII.A French bulldog, insured for the, at that time, astronomical sum of $750, was on board the ill-fated Titanic
Charles Spaniel History
Dogs of the small spaniel-type have existed for centuries
and the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has documented its
place among them. They have been recorded in paintings and
tapestries for centuries together with the aristocratic
families who enjoyed their loyal companionship. Cavaliers
were obviously a luxury item, for the average person could
not afford to keep and feed a dog that did not work.
Today's Cavalier is directly modeled on its royal ancestors
but this did not happen without the effort of an American
fancier, Roswell Eldridge. Mr. Eldridge traveled to England
in the early 1920's hoping to buy two spaniels. He was
unsuccessful, finding a diversity of type and none of the
"old type", particularly the head type he desired. Employing
Yankee ingenuity and determination, Roswell offered prizes
of twenty-five pounds to the best male and best female of
the "old type" exhibited at Crufts each year. The motivator
worked; interest was generated among breeders to revive the
In 1952, the first Cavaliers were sent to America and a
national breed club was formed soon after, but because of
the small numbers of Cavaliers they did not gain full breed
recognition for 40 years. January 1, 1996 saw the Cavalier
King Charles Spaniel enter American Kennel Club competition
as the 140th recognized breed.